This note accompanies the follow episode(s):
The Writer’s Almanac for October 5, 2017: Some Advice for Clearing Brush

October 5, 2017: on this day: Chief Joseph surrenders to U.S. Cavalry troops

Nez Perce Chief Joseph surrendered to U.S. Cavalry troops at Bear’s Paw, Montana, in 1877, after leading 300 members of his tribe on a 1,000-mile trek in an attempt to escape to Canada instead of being forced to resettle on barren land in Oklahoma. “Hear me, my chiefs; my heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever.”